Le Sahel

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Niger is a democratic country that has a real political and institutional stability: Security and peace preserved


cour-consNiger is an island of stability and peace in an area characterized by armed conflict and all forms of terrorist threats. To preserve the atmosphere of peace, Niger has adopted a comprehensive solution involving both the security, economic and administrative aspects. Also, the Government has committed to ensure at all costs, the security of persons and goods throughout the national territory and through common responses to threats in the context of cooperation between the countries of the ECOWAS and the countries of the Sahel-Saharan Africa.

Strong institutions
To sustainably build its actions, the Government has sought to install strong democratic institutions, credible and sustainable. These are the National Assembly, the Ombudsman, the Economic and Social Council, the High Court of Justice, the National Commission on Human Rights, the National Audit Office, the High Council of Communication and the Constitutional Court.

Establishment of Good governance
The Government is relentlessly fighting against corruption, influence-peddling and embezzlement of public funds and money laundering through strong actions taken by specific operational structures (the High Authority against Corruption and Related Offences the green line to receive complaints and denunciations ...). In addition, the Centre for the fight against money laundering, created as part of the UEMOA, has been strengthened.

Freedom of press
Freedom of opinion and expression is effective with the decriminalization of press offenses in Niger, prompting Reporters Without Borders to reclassify Niger from the 175 th position to 29 th position in terms of press freedom in the world (ahead of countries like France and the United States of America) and 4 th position at the African level;



The rights guaranteed
The promotion of human rights: the government managed its successful transition to the Universal Periodic Review June 11, 2011 during the 17 th Council of Human Rights United Nations in Geneva,justice which allowed Niger to be cited as a model of "good practices" in terms of respect of human rights.

A growing economy
Niger's economy is experiencing a strong growth supported by mining, oil, water, agricultural, forestry and tourism potentials. The Government has reaffirmed the choice of a market economy open to the world, and integrated in the sub-region. Thus:
Support services to investors are implemented through:
• a regulation aimed at reducing expense, time and red tape when starting a business,
• a specialized structure, called "Maison de l'Entreprise", which provides assistance and support for companies from their creation,
• a National Private Investors Council (CNIP), a forum for analysis and decisions aimed at removing obstacles and impediments to private investment, has been created;
Access to regional markets is facilitated through:
• Government withdrawal from market sectors and free competition in all sectors of the economy
• our membership in the West African Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA) and in the Economic and Customs Community of West African States (ECOWAS), a market of over 300 million consumers;
• Membership of Niger to the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) is a reality.

It is expected that growth, supported by good governance, the implementation of the "3 Ns" (Nigeriens feed Nigeriens) Initiative, the development of transport and energy infrastructure, mineral and oil operation and diversification, and urban centres' modernisation, will be boosted in 2012 up to a rate of 14% according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF) estimates. This trend should continue over the coming years.

1. 1. A SECURE
LEGAL FRAMEWORK
ecoThe legal framework provides:
• the application of OHADA's (Organization for the Harmonization of Business Law in Africa) provisions;
• the opportunity to acquire and exercise all rights whatsoever in the ownership, concession and administrative authorization, and to bid for public contracts;
• the possibility to transfer income of any kind from the capital invested and the proceeds of liquidation of the investment
• the ability to perform all transfers to non-resident persons or entities;
• the possibility of recourse to arbitration and to the International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID), in case of dispute;
• open access to public procurement;
• transparent procedures for awarding public contracts ;
• the possibility of appealing to the Public Procurement Regulatory Council in case a third party challenges the procedure;
• existence of simplified procedures for contracts of public-private partnership and the opportunity to make unsolicited offers;
• freedom of prices and free competition
• trade liberalization;

2. 2. A RENOVATED FISCAL FRAMEWORK
To address the economic challenges of the contemporary world, Niger has conducted major reforms to liberalize the economy and give it a kick-start while providing efficiency and transparency.
Our country has taken efficient steps to ensure investment security and sustainability in the best conditions. Thus, huge incentives are granted to investors through various codes.

2.1 A very favourable investment code
. The registration to the code is granted to domestic and foreign investors for periods determined under the registration plan. Plan C called conventional is for large companies and in particular investors. It provides many tax benefits, both during the making of investments and in the operational phase.
2.2 A mining code to exploit huge resources
For tax purposes, the Mining Code provides:
• exemption from duties, taxes and import duties on all equipment, materials and products used directly in mining;
• exemption of tax on business profits during the five (5) first years for the large mine and two (2) years for the small mine, from the first year of commercial shipping;
• Stability of the tax system for the duration of the agreement.

2.3 A code for proved petroleum resources
The benefits are:
• total exemption from duties and taxes on imports for materials, supplies, equipment and spare parts for oil operations;
• free import and export of petroleum products;
• free conversion and the free transfer of funds;
2.4 A Safe and attractive Framework for Public Private Partnership
The law on general public-private contract partnership allows a corporation under public law to appoint a legal person under private law, the provision of infrastructure or public utility works. It offers multiple benefits for accounting, financial and tax.
3. 3. A SUITABLE FRAMEWORK AND EMPLOYMENT
To create a suitable environment for promoting private investment and job creation, labor and employment legislation has been reformed to:
• Adapt vocational training to the requirements of the job market, for this purpose, Niger has a skilled workforce;
• allow flexibility in employment ;
• consider the organization of work required by the operation of companies in the mining and oil sectors;
• Allow the possibility of appeal to the Minister responsible for labor in case of refusal of work visa to a foreigner.

4.4. SAFE AND PROFITABLE INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES
4.1 Investing in Mining
Niger's basement is rich in mineral resources. It is filled with large reserves of uranium, iron, phosphates, coal, gold, limestone, gypsum, etc. The exploitation of Azelik and Imouraren deposits for 2013 will increase the country's uranium production from 4,000 to 10,000 tons per year.

The uranium Potential
Resources:
• Tim Mersoï Basin: 480 000 tons of uranium metal.
Current Status of Permits:
• Operating Licence: 4
• Exploration Permits: 89
• Permits Applied for: 135
• Non Attributed Licences : 327

The Coal Potential
Resources:
• Tim Mersoï Basin: 15 million tons
• Ader Doutchi (Salkadamna): 70 million tons
Current Status of Permits:
• Operating Permit: 1
• Exploration Permit: 2
• Permit Applied for: 1
• Non Attributed Permits: 48

The Iron Potential
Resources:
• Say, Kollo-Kirtachi (Liptako): 1.2 billion tons
• Termit (Damagaram Mounio): 8 billion tons
Current Status of Permit:
• Permits Applied for: 5
• Non Attributed : 34

The potential phosphate
Resources:
• North Tahoua: 7 million tons
• Say-Tapoa: 207 million tons
Current Status of Permit:
• Permit Applied for : 4
• Non Attributed Permits: 11

Gold Potential
Resources:
• Damagaram Mounio-Aïr: 6 tons of gold metal and interesting clues;
• Liptako: 26 tons of gold metal
Current Status of Permits:
• Operating Permits: 2
• exploration permits: 15
• Permit applied for: 22
• Non attributed Permits : 46
4.2. Investing in the oil Sector
Niger has oil potential associated with two major sedimentary basins, likely to contain hydrocarbons, which cover 90% of the country (gaseous, liquid or solid).
Oil reserves are estimated at more than 700 million tons.
The Niger oil cadastre has:
• 4 licensed blocks: Kafra, BILMA, and TENERE Agadem (Agadem Block is being exploited since November 2011);
• 34 blocks are non attributed;
• 30 applications for exploration permits are under review.
In addition, Niger in collaboration with Algeria and Nigeria is considering the construction of the trans-Saharan gas pipeline (Nigeria-Niger-Algeria) to Europe.
4.3. Investing in energy
In the field of energy, Niger is considering: the promotion of hydropower on the dam Kandadji on the River Niger with a power plant of 130 MW, the construction of a 2 nd coal fired power station at Salkadamna (the study of feasibility is almost finished and the power is estimated at between 200 and 500 MW), promotion of solar power plants.

4.4. Invest in the industry
In the domain of industrial development, opportunities are available for the processing and industrial exploitation of agro-pastoral products: cowpea, Shoveler, onion, hides and skins, meat and milk, etc.
Apart from the existing industries, the following are planned for the coming years: the construction of two new cement plants in the region of Ader and the creation of a new industrial zone in Niamey.
4.5. Investing in infrastructure
Investment opportunities exist:
• In the field of transport: the creation of transport companies and the renewal of public transport fleet, the promotion of intermediate means of transport especially in rural areas, the creation of a viable airline, the rehabilitation of the Niamey International Airport; the standardization of the airports in Agadez, Zinder and Maradi, the realization of dry port in Dosso, the realization of the rail loop (Cotonou-Niamey-Ouagadougou-Abidjan). The studies on All these projects are available.
• In the field of communication services: the establishment and operation of telecommunications networks and services; the realization of a national optical fiber backbone, the realization of e-government project and the issueing of 3rd and 4 th generation internet licenses, the privatization of Niger Telecommunications Company (SONITEL) and its subsidiary Sahel Com (cellular) and the project of migration to digital terrestrial radio.
• In the field of urban planning: Niger has huge investment opportunities in particular in the urban planning program such as ''Niamey Nyala'': the renovation of downtown Niamey, the development Saguia Plateau, urban sanitation, renovation of the administrative area, the development of the Yantala - GAMKALE cornices;
• The development of GOUNTY yena, the construction of 5000 homes.

4.6. Investing in Agriculture
The programs priority agricultural proposed for sourcing complementary investments by 2015 are:
• The realization of 40 000 ha, under irrigation;
• fodder production on 10,000 hectares and the creation of 500 modern livestock farms (open to investors);
• purchase of agricultural inputs (seeds, fertilizers, pesticides , etc..) and equipment for production and product processing;
• implementation and / or rehabilitation of 300 water mobilization works for multiple uses (agriculture, livestock, fisheries .) and 20 agricultural deep wells ;
• construction / rehabilitation of 20 livestock markets, 20 grain markets, 30 marketing outlets, 150 shopping centers and marketing and construction of 1,500 km of service roads;
Cash crops are a potential for agribusiness, agribusiness and export. These include:
Cowpea: Niger is the largest producer of the sub region with two (2) cowpea varieties: red and white. Overall production is estimated at over 1.5 million tons in 2011. Nigeria is its main market, which absorbs almost all of the production.
Onion: Niger is the largest producer and exporter of the sub-region with a production of nearly 600 000 tonnes in 2011. The ''purple'' of Galmi variety, a Niger label has a unique and very pungent taste. Its storability and processing gives this variety an exportable potential with interesting solids content.
Shoveler/Sedge: With a production of over 50 000 tonnes in 2010, the industry is full of potential in terms of production and markets.
Sesame: Production is estimated at more than 90 000 tonnes in 2011. Its market is booming worldwide.
Peanuts: Peanuts are produced in all regions. Since 2006, there was a revival of peanut production in excess of 100 000 tonnes in 2011.
the local production exceeds 4000 tons. It is likely to progress rapidly to meet growing global demand. It is expected a quadrupling of exports in future years.
Other vegetables such as garlic and peppers, are also promising sectors;

4.7. Invest in livestock
In the field of livestock, the potential is huge with a farm animal numbers estimated in 2010 to over 38 million heads of all species. Investment opportunities are offered by the valuation hides and skins and the launching of ambitious programs of livestock development.The opportunities are: the proposed construction of the modern tannery in Malbaza and animal feed plants in Niamey and Zinder, the construction of a cattle market on the border with Nigeria, the construction of a chain of slaughterhouses along the border with Nigeria.

4.8. Investing in the financial sector
The banking sector comprises 10 commercial banks and an agricultural bank. In insurance, the sector is under-exploited with only four companies in a dynamic market. Opportunities existed for the creation of commercial banks and insurance institutions of all kinds to facilitate transactions with investors from UK and U.S..

4.9. Investing in Tourism and Hotels Industry
The Niger tourism product focuses on three destinations: the "Saharian Tourism" in the North, the "River tourism" in the valley of the River Niger, the "Cultural tourism" is dominant in the east-central Niger.
For the operation and enhancement of this potential the government plans:
• Construction of a 5 Stars hotel complex in Niamey in the vicinity of the Diori Hamani International Airport, the construction of a luxury hotel on the Right Bank of River Niger (5th District) in Niamey, the concessioning of the Hotel Gaweye in Niamey; Construction of Penthouse restaurant in Niamey, Travel Planning Site of the Tal Desert (DIFFA) Travel Planning Site for the TAFADEK Thermal Spring (Agadez) and the Valuation the Pond of Albarkaïzé (Dosso), Creation of a training center for careers in hospitality and tourism.
All these projects can be realized through a public-private partnership.

4.10. Investing in crafts
Crafts of Niger is rich and varied and its market and products are required on all continents. It adapts to the modernism oriented current context and has a high growth potential. Investment opportunities are available for: the production and marketing of jewelery, leather, weaving, traditional embroidery, basket weaving, stone carving and pyrography and the creation of a modern Ceramics and pottery unit in Boubon.

Onep

30/05/17

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